ACL means Anterior cruciate ligament and ACL reconstruction is surgery to replace a torn anterior cruciate, a major ligament in your knee. ACL injuries are most common occurring during sports that involve sudden stops and changes in direction, game like soccer, football, basketball and volleyball.
ACL reconstruction is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after an injury. The torn ligament can either be removed from the knee, which is most common, or preserved where the graft is passed inside the preserved ruptured native ligament before reconstruction and arthroscopic procedure.
ACL is a surgical option and ACL reconstruction surgery is done by an excellent team of joint replacement surgeon in Mumbai and Surgery is perfumed by the orthopedic doctors in breach candy hospital in Mumbai.
The need for surgery depends on the severity of the ACL tear and the lifestyle of the patient. If the ACL is completely torn, then it won’t get healed on its own so to differentiate whether a tear is partial or complete the doctor will perform to manual tests.
- Lachman test – The physician will try to pull the shin bone away from the thigh bone. If the ACL is torn but still intact, the bones won’t move or will move only slightly.
- Pivot Shift test – The patient lies on their back while the doctor lifts their leg and place rotational pressure on the knee. If the bones do not shift the test is negative.
ACL reconstruction surgery is reperformed by the best orthopedic surgeons in Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai. In ACL reconstruction surgery, a new ACL is made from the graft of replacement tissue. There are one or two sources of grafting, and they are:
- A portion of the hamstring, quadriceps or patellar tendon of the patient own.
- An allograft which means tissue from the human organ donor.
The type of graft depends upon the patient on a case-by-case basis.
How does the ACL reconstruction surgery is performed?
ACL reconstruction surgery is performed using minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques, in which a combination of fiber optics, small incision and small instruments are used and somehow a large incision is needed to obtain the grafting of the tissue. In ACL reconstruction the patient can go home on the same day of the surgery. The recovery time for the ACL to gets normal is around six months to nine months. A patient can participate in any sport game after six months of the surgery.
Arthroscopic surgical techniques have made recovery times quicker and easier in comparison to open surgery. Most of the patient who undergo ACL reconstruction are given epidural nerve block during their surgery rather than being placed fully unconscious under general anesthesia. Children and teenagers who are still growing cannot have the same type of ACL surgery, but recent surgical innovations have made it possible for youth athletes to have ACL reconstruction surgery in Breach Candy Hospital in Mumbai.